Valve Adjustment 22re – All You Need To Know

Valve adjustment 22re is so important to car drivers as you don’t want to face any problems caused by combustion. While some people conduct their valve adjustments, many things may go wrong.

If a valve is not set to the required clearance, exhaust gasses may seep through the valve, resulting in poor engine performance.

These situations may cost you more than having your 22re engine repaired by specialists.

However, it is still necessary to have some technical knowledge about 22re valve adjustment specs to protect your engine better.

What Is A Valve Adjustment?

Valve Adjustment 22re

To further comprehend this method, first examine the valve system of a conventional combustion engine.

There are rocker arms, lifters, and pushrods in the valve system. Pushrods travel up and down to open the intake valve thanks to the rocker arms and lifters.

From time to time, the clearance among these components can expand. The valve lash or clearance is the distance between the valve tappet and the rocker arms. This clearance must be strictly monitored.

When the lash clearance is excessively large, the engine’s airflow will suffer, eventually resulting in valve damage.

If the lash clearance is too tight, the valve will not close correctly in the cylinder head, causing exhaust gasses to pass through.

Thus, the valve mechanism needs adjusting, so the lash has the appropriate clearance to control the valve’s shutting and opening.

Why Is Valve Adjustment 22re Important?

The 22re valve lash, which will change when the valve seats, camshafts, and valves wear in over time, is quite a common situation on any engine with a rocker arm layout as Toyota 20R and 22R/RE/RET engines.

Some common models using it are a 1989 Toyota 4-Runners truck or Pickup Toyota trucks.

Nobody wants to adjust the valves, but Toyota advises checking them every 60,000 miles.

The necessity of inspecting and repairing your valves stems from the fact that too much clearance may soon destroy your engine.

When a valve is burned and not sealed correctly, the combustion chamber is not sealed. The vehicle’s performance suffers, and it can cause excessive noise.

Other symptoms are a lack of power, poor gas mileage, and excessive emissions.

What Are The Signs Vehicles Need Adjustment For Valve Lash?

Clunking or clinking sounds coming from the engine compartment are the first signs that your vehicle’s engine needs valve adjustment.

It means there is a huge clearance gap in the valve, and the pushrods do not glide smoothly up and down.

Rough idling is another clue that your vehicle’s engine requires a valve adjustment.

When the valves do not open the intake and exhaust valves at the correct times, it will prevent airflow into the engine, resulting in rough idling.

Incorrect 22r valve clearance also makes your vehicles consume excessive oil.

If your vehicle’s dipstick level drops progressively, you should take the car to a technician for a valve examination.

How To Adjust Your Valves?

How To Adjust Your Valves

Notices Before Adjusting Valves 

Before adjustment, we need to make some preparations. First, turn on the engine and let it have a normal operating temperature (much needed), then turn it off.

Please pay special attention since it will be incredibly hot. Uninstall anything linked to or on its way to the valve cover, including hoses, wires, or cables.

First Adjustment Section

To start the valve adjustment, take off the valve cover and the distributor cap. On the compression stroke, place piston #1 at Top Dead Center (TDC).

To adjust the first set of valves, ensure the distributor rotor points to # 1. Meanwhile, the mark on the balancer of the crankshaft pulley must line with 0 on the timing mark.

Check whether the rocker arms for the #1 and #4 cylinder valves are loose and tight. If not, the compression stroke’s #1 piston should not be at TDC.

One thing to note is that only the valves indicated by arrows in the diagram should be adjusted. Check the diagram below.

Second 22re Rocker Arm Adjustment Section 

Next, insert a feeler gauge blade between the valve stem and the rocker arms to measure the clearance. When you move the feeler gauge back and forth, you should feel a tiny pull.

After you find the filler gauge fits completely, you can know whether the distance between the two components is larger than it used to be.

Now use a screwdriver to keep the screw in place and tighten the locknut.

Check the 22r valve lash again to ensure it remains the same while you tighten the locknut. Otherwise, re-adjust it until it is correct.

Repeat the technique for the rest of the valves (the First Picture), then rotate the crankshaft 360 degrees and match the notch in the pulley with the zero.

To adjust the second set of valves, ensure the distributor rotor is pointing to #4. Only change the valves with arrows in the second image.

Check valve lash and re-adjust if needed. Reattach the valve cover, reinstall the distributor cap, and all wiring and hoses.

Valve Adjustment Tips 

Valve clearance for cams located on the camshaft can be different from one to another. Therefore, you should read the manuals to adjust your valve with the most accurate specifications.

You also need to check cam lobes and valve screws. When they wear, your adjustment will not be correct.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the Problems Caused by Bad 22r Valve Adjustment? 

You should take the engine to a technician for valve adjustment when you don’t have a lot of technical skills.

It is because the consequences caused by poor adjustment are severe, including rough idle, reduced power, and damaged valves.

If you reinstall the valve lash incorrectly, too little or too much clearance can cause the engine to respond with rough idles.

Also, when exhaust and intake valves are not set properly, the engine will consume fuel efficiently.

What Are The Symptoms Of Incorrect 22re Valve Clearances?

Too much space causes the valves to clatter, which can harm the valves, rocker arms, or camshaft lobes in the long run.

If there is insufficient valve clearance, the valves will not fully shut, creating excessive heat and causing the engine to reduce power.

Besides, if the signs that vehicles need valve adjustment remain, you must check your engine again.

Do You Adjust Valves Engine Hot or Cold?

Valves can be adjusted on either a hot or cold engine. Working on a cold engine is much more pleasant.

Most camshaft manufacturers advise setting 22re cold valve adjustments to reduce erroneous adjustments on pumped-up lifters.


Valve adjustment 22re is really important if you don’t want to encounter the engine’s lack of power, poor gas mileage, and excessive emissions.

If you are not skilled at technical adjustment, then coming to a technician will inspect the problem thoroughly.

The technician will inspect whether your vehicle’s engine needs valve adjustment during an examination.

Otherwise, try following the instructions above and the service manuals to adjust the valve and avoid costs.

Leave a Comment