Besides the 2009 ford F 150 fault code p0735, you may face the P0022 code Ford F150 problem. It happens relating to the engine camshaft and its valve timing.
You’ll likely see the code when your vehicle’s computer detects a problem in camshaft timing, specifically a delay.
P0022 Ford F150 5.4 code can influence your driving. You may experience more engine stalling or idle, lowered fuel economy, and knocking sound from the engine.
Keeping driving your car in this situation can lead to severe damage to the internal parts of the engine. Let’s get to the details of the issue and figure out how to troubleshoot it!
About P0022 Code Ford F150
What Does It Mean?
P0022 code Ford F150 indicates a retarded camshaft timing (compared to the set time) on bank 2 of the intake camshaft.
The crankshaft and camshaft position sensors send the data to your car powertrain control module (PCM).
The system compares the alignment of both components. When it perceives that the two parts are misaligned, it displays the code.
The car engine has one or more camshafts, each of which has egg-shaped lobes. Those lobes control the air in and out of the engine by a number of valves.
Modern tech named variable valve timing (VVT) is installed in your current Ford car. This timing system can adjust the position of the camshaft and change the timing of the valve.
By controlling the intake and exhaust valves open and close, it helps improve engine performance and fuel economy.
Ford F150 code P0022 appears when there’s a time delay in camshaft timing for the intake camshaft on bank 2.
What Are The Symptoms?
When you have the code P0022 Ford F150 bank 2 location, your car experiences one of the following symptoms.
- The engine may fail to perform properly, including lack of power, hard to start, and struggle to accelerate.
- There will be a decrease in gas mileage. Black smoke can come out from the tailpipe. You also may notice the emission of excessive fumes, and your vehicle may not pass the emission testing.
- You will see the intermittent flashing check engine light or Service Engine Soon Warning Light on. Plus, you can hear the rattling noises from the engine.
What Causes Ford F150 P0022 Code To Appear?
The 2005 Ford F150 P0022 code can happen due to several reasons. Below are the most common possible ones that you can think of when having a problem.
- Failed camshaft variable timing solenoid, such as Variable Camshaft Timing Bank 2 Solenoid 1 (VCT21) valve stuck open, shorted or opened VCT21 harness, VCT21 circuit poor electrical connection.
- Broken Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor (harness is open or shorted or the poor electrical connection)
- Engine timing is incorrectly set.
- Lower engine oil level
- Low oil pressure (causes Erratic camshaft position)
- Defective VVT actuator
- Worn-out timing chain
- Damaged timing chain tensioner
- Oil flow issues (oil continuously flows to the VCT piston chamber or is restricted in the passages or VCT body)
- Radiofrequency interference (RFI) interference
- PCM software update needed
How To Inspect Ford F150 P0022 Code?
It’s recommended to bring your vehicle to the repair shop so they can diagnose and help you address the problem of code P0022 Ford F150.
However, if you’d like to do it yourself, feel free to follow the instructions below.
Before starting, you need the following:
- Fused jumper wire
- Engine oil pressure gauge
- Other basic hand tools
Use FIXD To Scan
First, use the FIXD to scan your vehicle to ensure no other codes exist except the F150 code P0022. If it detects other problems, you must also address them before continuing.
Check The Engine Oil
When you confirm there’s only P0022 code F150 present, you can move on to check the engine oil. You should pay attention to two things: the oil level and quality.
Depending on the situation, you should adjust the spec or change the oil, then perform the driving test to see if the problem is solved.
Besides, you also should check for oil sludge. Open the oil cap and valve cover and inspect. If there is sludge, it’s not likely to be good news.
The sludge can block the oil from coming to the oil control valve, thus, causing damage to your engine. It’s a high chance that you need to replace your engine.
Inspect The Oil Control Valve
If you complete step 2 and inspect no sludge, the next step to resolve the F150 P0022 issue is to check the Bank 2 Intake Camshaft Oil Control Valve to ensure it works properly.
First, remove the valve, and insert power. Then, use a pair of fused jumper wires to quickly ground to the solenoid. Remember, do not let the power apply for more than one or two seconds.
If there is nothing wrong, you can hear a clicking sound. In some cases, when the design of the specific valve allows, you can even see it move.
Once there’s no sound or the valve doesn’t move, you should change the oil control valve and try to drive to see whether the problem with the P0022 Ford persists.
Seek Help From A Professional
When you have done all the steps above but can’t fix the P0022 Ford F150 issue, it may be time to seek help from certified mechanics.
Your vehicle is likely to have a problem with the oxygen sensor system. This matter is serious and requires a professional check to further diagnose and fix it properly.
They may perform the following diagnosis when you bring your car to the shop.
- Visually inspect the electrical connections linked to the camshaft sensor.
- Look for any damaged wiring or loose connection of the oil control solenoid valve and crankshaft sensor.
- Analyze the condition of the engine oil to see if it’s clean, full, and has the correct viscosity.
- Scan codes and know when the issue was set.
- Proceed with the manufacturer’s specific pinpoint tests and fix as guided.
What Mistakes Should You Avoid While Diagnosing The Code?
While it’s possible to diagnose the code P0022 F150 at home, and beginner DIYers can try to do it, there are some common mistakes that you should avoid to achieve the best result.
- Attempt any repairs before figuring out exactly what the failure is. That’s why we need to perform the scanning and eliminate all other issues before starting with the P0022 code.
- Not follow the step-by-step guide carefully to avoid misdiagnosing.
- Your oil viscosity is not clean and not the correct type according to your specs.
- Replace any detail on your own. Only do this if it’s the result after visual testing. Sometimes, the issue can disappear just by changing the filter or oil and adjusting the oil level to make it meet the specifications of your vehicle’s manufacturers.
How Much Does This Cost To Fix The F150 P0022 Code?
The underlying issue of Ford P0022 can be the outcome of different causes. After diagnosing, the service will set a price according to what needs to be fixed.
Here is the cost of repairing relevant parts for your reference. It can vary due to the location of the shop, the model of your vehicle and the type of your engine, etc.
- Labor cost: from $75 to $150 (depending on the length of the “diag time”)
- Change oil: from $20 to $60
- Oil Control Valve/Variable Valve Timing Control Solenoid: from $300 to $400
- Engine: from $3,000 to $4,000
What Are The Possible Repair Of P0022 Code Ford F150?
After being inspected, your vehicle may need some of the repairs below.
- Reset the fault code and test your car
- Replace the oil and filter
- Use the proper oil viscosity
- Fix or change the connection or wiring of the camshaft OCV (oil control valve)
- Inspect the damages of the cam phasers and the timing chain alignment
- Have a new camshaft OCV for the bank 2 intake camshaft.
All of these tasks call for profound insights and in-depth know-how. So you’d better bring your Ford to a repair shop to do the work for you.
The definition of the P0022 code Ford F150 is Camshaft Position A – Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 2), meaning the ECM (Engine Control Module) triggers the code when it detects the intake camshaft timing for bank 2 is more retarded than what is set in the system.
The delayed timing can be due to the issue with the oil flow to the variable camshaft timing (VCT) piston and phaser, damaged or stuck camshaft phaser in the retarded position, or failure oil control valve (OCV).
It’s possible to fix it yourself. However, asking for help from a professional service is a safer choice to avoid misdiagnosing.
Plus, you should not linger on the problem as it can lead to inconvenience while driving, such as the engine being hard to start, rough idle, stalling, etc.
It also can damage the inner parts of the engine, costing a lot of money to repair.